Apache Tomcat 6.0.41

org.apache.catalina.connector
Class ResponseFacade

java.lang.Object
  extended by org.apache.catalina.connector.ResponseFacade
All Implemented Interfaces:
javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse, javax.servlet.ServletResponse

public class ResponseFacade
extends java.lang.Object
implements javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse

Facade class that wraps a Coyote response object. All methods are delegated to the wrapped response.

Author:
Remy Maucherat, Jean-Francois Arcand

Field Summary
protected  Response response
          The wrapped response.
protected static StringManager sm
          The string manager for this package.
 
Fields inherited from interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
SC_ACCEPTED, SC_BAD_GATEWAY, SC_BAD_REQUEST, SC_CONFLICT, SC_CONTINUE, SC_CREATED, SC_EXPECTATION_FAILED, SC_FORBIDDEN, SC_FOUND, SC_GATEWAY_TIMEOUT, SC_GONE, SC_HTTP_VERSION_NOT_SUPPORTED, SC_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR, SC_LENGTH_REQUIRED, SC_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED, SC_MOVED_PERMANENTLY, SC_MOVED_TEMPORARILY, SC_MULTIPLE_CHOICES, SC_NO_CONTENT, SC_NON_AUTHORITATIVE_INFORMATION, SC_NOT_ACCEPTABLE, SC_NOT_FOUND, SC_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, SC_NOT_MODIFIED, SC_OK, SC_PARTIAL_CONTENT, SC_PAYMENT_REQUIRED, SC_PRECONDITION_FAILED, SC_PROXY_AUTHENTICATION_REQUIRED, SC_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE, SC_REQUEST_TIMEOUT, SC_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LONG, SC_REQUESTED_RANGE_NOT_SATISFIABLE, SC_RESET_CONTENT, SC_SEE_OTHER, SC_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE, SC_SWITCHING_PROTOCOLS, SC_TEMPORARY_REDIRECT, SC_UNAUTHORIZED, SC_UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE, SC_USE_PROXY
 
Constructor Summary
ResponseFacade(Response response)
          Construct a wrapper for the specified response.
 
Method Summary
 void addCookie(javax.servlet.http.Cookie cookie)
          Adds the specified cookie to the response.
 void addDateHeader(java.lang.String name, long date)
          Adds a response header with the given name and date-value.
 void addHeader(java.lang.String name, java.lang.String value)
          Adds a response header with the given name and value.
 void addIntHeader(java.lang.String name, int value)
          Adds a response header with the given name and integer value.
 void clear()
          Clear facade.
protected  java.lang.Object clone()
          Prevent cloning the facade.
 boolean containsHeader(java.lang.String name)
          Returns a boolean indicating whether the named response header has already been set.
 java.lang.String encodeRedirectUrl(java.lang.String url)
           
 java.lang.String encodeRedirectURL(java.lang.String url)
          Encodes the specified URL for use in the sendRedirect method or, if encoding is not needed, returns the URL unchanged.
 java.lang.String encodeUrl(java.lang.String url)
           
 java.lang.String encodeURL(java.lang.String url)
          Encodes the specified URL by including the session ID in it, or, if encoding is not needed, returns the URL unchanged.
 void finish()
           
 void flushBuffer()
          Forces any content in the buffer to be written to the client.
 int getBufferSize()
          Returns the actual buffer size used for the response.
 java.lang.String getCharacterEncoding()
          Returns the name of the character encoding (MIME charset) used for the body sent in this response.
 java.lang.String getContentType()
          Returns the content type used for the MIME body sent in this response.
 java.util.Locale getLocale()
          Returns the locale specified for this response using the ServletResponse.setLocale(java.util.Locale) method.
 javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream getOutputStream()
          Returns a ServletOutputStream suitable for writing binary data in the response.
 java.io.PrintWriter getWriter()
          Returns a PrintWriter object that can send character text to the client.
 boolean isCommitted()
          Returns a boolean indicating if the response has been committed.
 boolean isFinished()
           
 void reset()
          Clears any data that exists in the buffer as well as the status code and headers.
 void resetBuffer()
          Clears the content of the underlying buffer in the response without clearing headers or status code.
 void sendError(int sc)
          Sends an error response to the client using the specified status code and clears the buffer.
 void sendError(int sc, java.lang.String msg)
          Sends an error response to the client using the specified status code and clears the output buffer.
 void sendRedirect(java.lang.String location)
          Sends a temporary redirect response to the client using the specified redirect location URL.
 void setBufferSize(int size)
          Sets the preferred buffer size for the body of the response.
 void setCharacterEncoding(java.lang.String arg0)
          Sets the character encoding (MIME charset) of the response being sent to the client, for example, to UTF-8.
 void setContentLength(int len)
          Sets the length of the content body in the response In HTTP servlets, this method sets the HTTP Content-Length header.
 void setContentType(java.lang.String type)
          Sets the content type of the response being sent to the client, if the response has not been committed yet.
 void setDateHeader(java.lang.String name, long date)
          Sets a response header with the given name and date-value.
 void setHeader(java.lang.String name, java.lang.String value)
          Sets a response header with the given name and value.
 void setIntHeader(java.lang.String name, int value)
          Sets a response header with the given name and integer value.
 void setLocale(java.util.Locale loc)
          Sets the locale of the response, if the response has not been committed yet.
 void setStatus(int sc)
          Sets the status code for this response.
 void setStatus(int sc, java.lang.String sm)
           
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

sm

protected static StringManager sm
The string manager for this package.


response

protected Response response
The wrapped response.

Constructor Detail

ResponseFacade

public ResponseFacade(Response response)
Construct a wrapper for the specified response.

Parameters:
response - The response to be wrapped
Method Detail

clear

public void clear()
Clear facade.


clone

protected java.lang.Object clone()
                          throws java.lang.CloneNotSupportedException
Prevent cloning the facade.

Overrides:
clone in class java.lang.Object
Throws:
java.lang.CloneNotSupportedException

finish

public void finish()

isFinished

public boolean isFinished()

getCharacterEncoding

public java.lang.String getCharacterEncoding()
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns the name of the character encoding (MIME charset) used for the body sent in this response. The character encoding may have been specified explicitly using the ServletResponse.setCharacterEncoding(java.lang.String) or ServletResponse.setContentType(java.lang.String) methods, or implicitly using the ServletResponse.setLocale(java.util.Locale) method. Explicit specifications take precedence over implicit specifications. Calls made to these methods after getWriter has been called or after the response has been committed have no effect on the character encoding. If no character encoding has been specified, ISO-8859-1 is returned.

See RFC 2047 (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2047.txt) for more information about character encoding and MIME.

Specified by:
getCharacterEncoding in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns:
a String specifying the name of the character encoding, for example, UTF-8

getOutputStream

public javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream getOutputStream()
                                                  throws java.io.IOException
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns a ServletOutputStream suitable for writing binary data in the response. The servlet container does not encode the binary data.

Calling flush() on the ServletOutputStream commits the response. Either this method or ServletResponse.getWriter() may be called to write the body, not both.

Specified by:
getOutputStream in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns:
a ServletOutputStream for writing binary data
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if an input or output exception occurred
See Also:
ServletResponse.getWriter()

getWriter

public java.io.PrintWriter getWriter()
                              throws java.io.IOException
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns a PrintWriter object that can send character text to the client. The PrintWriter uses the character encoding returned by ServletResponse.getCharacterEncoding(). If the response's character encoding has not been specified as described in getCharacterEncoding (i.e., the method just returns the default value ISO-8859-1), getWriter updates it to ISO-8859-1.

Calling flush() on the PrintWriter commits the response.

Either this method or ServletResponse.getOutputStream() may be called to write the body, not both.

Specified by:
getWriter in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns:
a PrintWriter object that can return character data to the client
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if an input or output exception occurred
See Also:
ServletResponse.getOutputStream(), ServletResponse.setCharacterEncoding(java.lang.String)

setContentLength

public void setContentLength(int len)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Sets the length of the content body in the response In HTTP servlets, this method sets the HTTP Content-Length header.

Specified by:
setContentLength in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Parameters:
len - an integer specifying the length of the content being returned to the client; sets the Content-Length header

setContentType

public void setContentType(java.lang.String type)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Sets the content type of the response being sent to the client, if the response has not been committed yet. The given content type may include a character encoding specification, for example, text/html;charset=UTF-8. The response's character encoding is only set from the given content type if this method is called before getWriter is called.

This method may be called repeatedly to change content type and character encoding. This method has no effect if called after the response has been committed. It does not set the response's character encoding if it is called after getWriter has been called or after the response has been committed.

Containers must communicate the content type and the character encoding used for the servlet response's writer to the client if the protocol provides a way for doing so. In the case of HTTP, the Content-Type header is used.

Specified by:
setContentType in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Parameters:
type - a String specifying the MIME type of the content
See Also:
ServletResponse.setLocale(java.util.Locale), ServletResponse.setCharacterEncoding(java.lang.String), ServletResponse.getOutputStream(), ServletResponse.getWriter()

setBufferSize

public void setBufferSize(int size)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Sets the preferred buffer size for the body of the response. The servlet container will use a buffer at least as large as the size requested. The actual buffer size used can be found using getBufferSize.

A larger buffer allows more content to be written before anything is actually sent, thus providing the servlet with more time to set appropriate status codes and headers. A smaller buffer decreases server memory load and allows the client to start receiving data more quickly.

This method must be called before any response body content is written; if content has been written or the response object has been committed, this method throws an IllegalStateException.

Specified by:
setBufferSize in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Parameters:
size - the preferred buffer size
See Also:
ServletResponse.getBufferSize(), ServletResponse.flushBuffer(), ServletResponse.isCommitted(), ServletResponse.reset()

getBufferSize

public int getBufferSize()
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns the actual buffer size used for the response. If no buffering is used, this method returns 0.

Specified by:
getBufferSize in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns:
the actual buffer size used
See Also:
ServletResponse.setBufferSize(int), ServletResponse.flushBuffer(), ServletResponse.isCommitted(), ServletResponse.reset()

flushBuffer

public void flushBuffer()
                 throws java.io.IOException
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Forces any content in the buffer to be written to the client. A call to this method automatically commits the response, meaning the status code and headers will be written.

Specified by:
flushBuffer in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Throws:
java.io.IOException
See Also:
ServletResponse.setBufferSize(int), ServletResponse.getBufferSize(), ServletResponse.isCommitted(), ServletResponse.reset()

resetBuffer

public void resetBuffer()
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Clears the content of the underlying buffer in the response without clearing headers or status code. If the response has been committed, this method throws an IllegalStateException.

Specified by:
resetBuffer in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
See Also:
ServletResponse.setBufferSize(int), ServletResponse.getBufferSize(), ServletResponse.isCommitted(), ServletResponse.reset()

isCommitted

public boolean isCommitted()
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns a boolean indicating if the response has been committed. A committed response has already had its status code and headers written.

Specified by:
isCommitted in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns:
a boolean indicating if the response has been committed
See Also:
ServletResponse.setBufferSize(int), ServletResponse.getBufferSize(), ServletResponse.flushBuffer(), ServletResponse.reset()

reset

public void reset()
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Clears any data that exists in the buffer as well as the status code and headers. If the response has been committed, this method throws an IllegalStateException.

Specified by:
reset in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
See Also:
ServletResponse.setBufferSize(int), ServletResponse.getBufferSize(), ServletResponse.flushBuffer(), ServletResponse.isCommitted()

setLocale

public void setLocale(java.util.Locale loc)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Sets the locale of the response, if the response has not been committed yet. It also sets the response's character encoding appropriately for the locale, if the character encoding has not been explicitly set using ServletResponse.setContentType(java.lang.String) or ServletResponse.setCharacterEncoding(java.lang.String), getWriter hasn't been called yet, and the response hasn't been committed yet. If the deployment descriptor contains a locale-encoding-mapping-list element, and that element provides a mapping for the given locale, that mapping is used. Otherwise, the mapping from locale to character encoding is container dependent.

This method may be called repeatedly to change locale and character encoding. The method has no effect if called after the response has been committed. It does not set the response's character encoding if it is called after ServletResponse.setContentType(java.lang.String) has been called with a charset specification, after ServletResponse.setCharacterEncoding(java.lang.String) has been called, after getWriter has been called, or after the response has been committed.

Containers must communicate the locale and the character encoding used for the servlet response's writer to the client if the protocol provides a way for doing so. In the case of HTTP, the locale is communicated via the Content-Language header, the character encoding as part of the Content-Type header for text media types. Note that the character encoding cannot be communicated via HTTP headers if the servlet does not specify a content type; however, it is still used to encode text written via the servlet response's writer.

Specified by:
setLocale in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Parameters:
loc - the locale of the response
See Also:
ServletResponse.getLocale(), ServletResponse.setContentType(java.lang.String), ServletResponse.setCharacterEncoding(java.lang.String)

getLocale

public java.util.Locale getLocale()
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns the locale specified for this response using the ServletResponse.setLocale(java.util.Locale) method. Calls made to setLocale after the response is committed have no effect. If no locale has been specified, the container's default locale is returned.

Specified by:
getLocale in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
See Also:
ServletResponse.setLocale(java.util.Locale)

addCookie

public void addCookie(javax.servlet.http.Cookie cookie)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Adds the specified cookie to the response. This method can be called multiple times to set more than one cookie.

Specified by:
addCookie in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
cookie - the Cookie to return to the client

containsHeader

public boolean containsHeader(java.lang.String name)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Returns a boolean indicating whether the named response header has already been set.

Specified by:
containsHeader in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
name - the header name
Returns:
true if the named response header has already been set; false otherwise

encodeURL

public java.lang.String encodeURL(java.lang.String url)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Encodes the specified URL by including the session ID in it, or, if encoding is not needed, returns the URL unchanged. The implementation of this method includes the logic to determine whether the session ID needs to be encoded in the URL. For example, if the browser supports cookies, or session tracking is turned off, URL encoding is unnecessary.

For robust session tracking, all URLs emitted by a servlet should be run through this method. Otherwise, URL rewriting cannot be used with browsers which do not support cookies.

Specified by:
encodeURL in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
url - the url to be encoded.
Returns:
the encoded URL if encoding is needed; the unchanged URL otherwise.

encodeRedirectURL

public java.lang.String encodeRedirectURL(java.lang.String url)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Encodes the specified URL for use in the sendRedirect method or, if encoding is not needed, returns the URL unchanged. The implementation of this method includes the logic to determine whether the session ID needs to be encoded in the URL. Because the rules for making this determination can differ from those used to decide whether to encode a normal link, this method is separated from the encodeURL method.

All URLs sent to the HttpServletResponse.sendRedirect method should be run through this method. Otherwise, URL rewriting cannot be used with browsers which do not support cookies.

Specified by:
encodeRedirectURL in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
url - the url to be encoded.
Returns:
the encoded URL if encoding is needed; the unchanged URL otherwise.
See Also:
HttpServletResponse.sendRedirect(java.lang.String), HttpServletResponse.encodeUrl(java.lang.String)

encodeUrl

public java.lang.String encodeUrl(java.lang.String url)
Specified by:
encodeUrl in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
url - the url to be encoded.
Returns:
the encoded URL if encoding is needed; the unchanged URL otherwise.

encodeRedirectUrl

public java.lang.String encodeRedirectUrl(java.lang.String url)
Specified by:
encodeRedirectUrl in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
url - the url to be encoded.
Returns:
the encoded URL if encoding is needed; the unchanged URL otherwise.

sendError

public void sendError(int sc,
                      java.lang.String msg)
               throws java.io.IOException
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Sends an error response to the client using the specified status code and clears the output buffer. The server defaults to creating the response to look like an HTML-formatted server error page containing the specified message, setting the content type to "text/html", leaving cookies and other headers unmodified. If an error-page declaration has been made for the web application corresponding to the status code passed in, it will be served back in preference to the suggested msg parameter.

If the response has already been committed, this method throws an IllegalStateException. After using this method, the response should be considered to be committed and should not be written to.

Specified by:
sendError in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
sc - the error status code
msg - the descriptive message
Throws:
java.io.IOException - If an input or output exception occurs

sendError

public void sendError(int sc)
               throws java.io.IOException
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Sends an error response to the client using the specified status code and clears the buffer. This is equivalent to calling HttpServletResponse.sendError(int, String) with the same status code and null for the message.

Specified by:
sendError in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
sc - the error status code
Throws:
java.io.IOException - If an input or output exception occurs

sendRedirect

public void sendRedirect(java.lang.String location)
                  throws java.io.IOException
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Sends a temporary redirect response to the client using the specified redirect location URL. This method can accept relative URLs; the servlet container must convert the relative URL to an absolute URL before sending the response to the client. If the location is relative without a leading '/' the container interprets it as relative to the current request URI. If the location is relative with a leading '/' the container interprets it as relative to the servlet container root.

If the response has already been committed, this method throws an IllegalStateException. After using this method, the response should be considered to be committed and should not be written to.

Specified by:
sendRedirect in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
location - the redirect location URL
Throws:
java.io.IOException - If an input or output exception occurs

setDateHeader

public void setDateHeader(java.lang.String name,
                          long date)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Sets a response header with the given name and date-value. The date is specified in terms of milliseconds since the epoch. If the header had already been set, the new value overwrites the previous one. The containsHeader method can be used to test for the presence of a header before setting its value.

Specified by:
setDateHeader in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
name - the name of the header to set
date - the assigned date value
See Also:
HttpServletResponse.containsHeader(java.lang.String), HttpServletResponse.addDateHeader(java.lang.String, long)

addDateHeader

public void addDateHeader(java.lang.String name,
                          long date)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Adds a response header with the given name and date-value. The date is specified in terms of milliseconds since the epoch. This method allows response headers to have multiple values.

Specified by:
addDateHeader in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
name - the name of the header to set
date - the additional date value
See Also:
HttpServletResponse.setDateHeader(java.lang.String, long)

setHeader

public void setHeader(java.lang.String name,
                      java.lang.String value)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Sets a response header with the given name and value. If the header had already been set, the new value overwrites the previous one. The containsHeader method can be used to test for the presence of a header before setting its value.

Specified by:
setHeader in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
name - the name of the header
value - the header value If it contains octet string, it should be encoded according to RFC 2047 (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2047.txt)
See Also:
HttpServletResponse.containsHeader(java.lang.String), HttpServletResponse.addHeader(java.lang.String, java.lang.String)

addHeader

public void addHeader(java.lang.String name,
                      java.lang.String value)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Adds a response header with the given name and value. This method allows response headers to have multiple values.

Specified by:
addHeader in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
name - the name of the header
value - the additional header value If it contains octet string, it should be encoded according to RFC 2047 (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2047.txt)
See Also:
HttpServletResponse.setHeader(java.lang.String, java.lang.String)

setIntHeader

public void setIntHeader(java.lang.String name,
                         int value)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Sets a response header with the given name and integer value. If the header had already been set, the new value overwrites the previous one. The containsHeader method can be used to test for the presence of a header before setting its value.

Specified by:
setIntHeader in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
name - the name of the header
value - the assigned integer value
See Also:
HttpServletResponse.containsHeader(java.lang.String), HttpServletResponse.addIntHeader(java.lang.String, int)

addIntHeader

public void addIntHeader(java.lang.String name,
                         int value)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Adds a response header with the given name and integer value. This method allows response headers to have multiple values.

Specified by:
addIntHeader in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
name - the name of the header
value - the assigned integer value
See Also:
HttpServletResponse.setIntHeader(java.lang.String, int)

setStatus

public void setStatus(int sc)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Sets the status code for this response. This method is used to set the return status code when there is no error (for example, for the status codes SC_OK or SC_MOVED_TEMPORARILY). If there is an error, and the caller wishes to invoke an error-page defined in the web application, the sendError method should be used instead.

The container clears the buffer and sets the Location header, preserving cookies and other headers.

Specified by:
setStatus in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
sc - the status code
See Also:
HttpServletResponse.sendError(int, java.lang.String)

setStatus

public void setStatus(int sc,
                      java.lang.String sm)
Specified by:
setStatus in interface javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse
Parameters:
sc - the status code
sm - the status message

getContentType

public java.lang.String getContentType()
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns the content type used for the MIME body sent in this response. The content type proper must have been specified using ServletResponse.setContentType(java.lang.String) before the response is committed. If no content type has been specified, this method returns null. If a content type has been specified and a character encoding has been explicitly or implicitly specified as described in ServletResponse.getCharacterEncoding(), the charset parameter is included in the string returned. If no character encoding has been specified, the charset parameter is omitted.

Specified by:
getContentType in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Returns:
a String specifying the content type, for example, text/html; charset=UTF-8, or null

setCharacterEncoding

public void setCharacterEncoding(java.lang.String arg0)
Description copied from interface: javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Sets the character encoding (MIME charset) of the response being sent to the client, for example, to UTF-8. If the character encoding has already been set by ServletResponse.setContentType(java.lang.String) or ServletResponse.setLocale(java.util.Locale), this method overrides it. Calling ServletResponse.setContentType(java.lang.String) with the String of text/html and calling this method with the String of UTF-8 is equivalent with calling setContentType with the String of text/html; charset=UTF-8.

This method can be called repeatedly to change the character encoding. This method has no effect if it is called after getWriter has been called or after the response has been committed.

Containers must communicate the character encoding used for the servlet response's writer to the client if the protocol provides a way for doing so. In the case of HTTP, the character encoding is communicated as part of the Content-Type header for text media types. Note that the character encoding cannot be communicated via HTTP headers if the servlet does not specify a content type; however, it is still used to encode text written via the servlet response's writer.

Specified by:
setCharacterEncoding in interface javax.servlet.ServletResponse
Parameters:
arg0 - a String specifying only the character set defined by IANA Character Sets (http://www.iana.org/assignments/character-sets)
See Also:
#setLocale

Apache Tomcat 6.0.41

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