Class AbstractAccessLogValve

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    MBeanRegistration, AccessLog, Contained, JmxEnabled, Lifecycle, Valve
    Direct Known Subclasses:
    AccessLogValve

    public abstract class AbstractAccessLogValve
    extends ValveBase
    implements AccessLog

    Abstract implementation of the Valve interface that generates a web server access log with the detailed line contents matching a configurable pattern. The syntax of the available patterns is similar to that supported by the Apache HTTP Server mod_log_config module.

    Patterns for the logged message may include constant text or any of the following replacement strings, for which the corresponding information from the specified Response is substituted:

    • %a - Remote IP address
    • %A - Local IP address
    • %b - Bytes sent, excluding HTTP headers, or '-' if no bytes were sent
    • %B - Bytes sent, excluding HTTP headers
    • %h - Remote host name (or IP address if enableLookups for the connector is false)
    • %H - Request protocol
    • %l - Remote logical username from identd (always returns '-')
    • %m - Request method
    • %p - Local port
    • %q - Query string (prepended with a '?' if it exists, otherwise an empty string
    • %r - First line of the request
    • %s - HTTP status code of the response
    • %S - User session ID
    • %t - Date and time, in Common Log Format format
    • %u - Remote user that was authenticated
    • %U - Requested URL path
    • %v - Local server name
    • %D - Time taken to process the request, in millis
    • %T - Time taken to process the request, in seconds
    • %F - Time taken to commit the response, in millis
    • %I - current Request thread name (can compare later with stacktraces)
    • %X - Connection status when response is completed:
      • X = Connection aborted before the response completed.
      • + = Connection may be kept alive after the response is sent.
      • - = Connection will be closed after the response is sent.

    In addition, the caller can specify one of the following aliases for commonly utilized patterns:

    • common - %h %l %u %t "%r" %s %b
    • combined - %h %l %u %t "%r" %s %b "%{Referer}i" "%{User-Agent}i"

    There is also support to write information from the cookie, incoming header, the Session or something else in the ServletRequest.
    It is modeled after the Apache HTTP Server log configuration syntax:

    • %{xxx}i for incoming headers
    • %{xxx}o for outgoing response headers
    • %{xxx}c for a specific cookie
    • %{xxx}r xxx is an attribute in the ServletRequest
    • %{xxx}s xxx is an attribute in the HttpSession
    • %{xxx}t xxx is an enhanced SimpleDateFormat pattern (see Configuration Reference document for details on supported time patterns)

    Conditional logging is also supported. This can be done with the conditionUnless and conditionIf properties. If the value returned from ServletRequest.getAttribute(conditionUnless) yields a non-null value, the logging will be skipped. If the value returned from ServletRequest.getAttribute(conditionIf) yields the null value, the logging will be skipped. The condition attribute is synonym for conditionUnless and is provided for backwards compatibility.

    For extended attributes coming from a getAttribute() call, it is you responsibility to ensure there are no newline or control characters.

    Author:
    Craig R. McClanahan, Jason Brittain, Remy Maucherat, Takayuki Kaneko, Peter Rossbach
    • Field Detail

      • enabled

        protected boolean enabled
        enabled this component
      • pattern

        protected String pattern
        The pattern used to format our access log lines.
      • condition

        protected String condition
        Are we doing conditional logging. default null. It is the value of conditionUnless property.
      • conditionIf

        protected String conditionIf
        Are we doing conditional logging. default null. It is the value of conditionIf property.
      • localeName

        protected String localeName
        Name of locale used to format timestamps in log entries and in log file name suffix.
      • locale

        protected Locale locale
        Locale used to format timestamps in log entries and in log file name suffix.
      • requestAttributesEnabled

        protected boolean requestAttributesEnabled
        Should this valve use request attributes for IP address, hostname, protocol and port used for the request. Default is false.
        See Also:
        setRequestAttributesEnabled(boolean)
    • Constructor Detail

      • AbstractAccessLogValve

        public AbstractAccessLogValve()
    • Method Detail

      • getMaxLogMessageBufferSize

        public int getMaxLogMessageBufferSize()
      • setMaxLogMessageBufferSize

        public void setMaxLogMessageBufferSize​(int maxLogMessageBufferSize)
      • getIpv6Canonical

        public boolean getIpv6Canonical()
      • setIpv6Canonical

        public void setIpv6Canonical​(boolean ipv6Canonical)
      • setRequestAttributesEnabled

        public void setRequestAttributesEnabled​(boolean requestAttributesEnabled)
        Should this valve use request attributes for IP address, hostname, protocol and port used for the request? The attributes used are:
        • org.apache.catalina.RemoteAddr
        • org.apache.catalina.RemoteHost
        • org.apache.catalina.Protocol
        • org.apache.catalina.ServerName
        • org.apache.catalina.ServerPost
        Default is false.
        Specified by:
        setRequestAttributesEnabled in interface AccessLog
        Parameters:
        requestAttributesEnabled - true causes the attributes to be used, false causes the original values to be used.
      • getEnabled

        public boolean getEnabled()
        Returns:
        the enabled flag.
      • setEnabled

        public void setEnabled​(boolean enabled)
        Parameters:
        enabled - The enabled to set.
      • getPattern

        public String getPattern()
        Returns:
        the format pattern.
      • setPattern

        public void setPattern​(String pattern)
        Set the format pattern, first translating any recognized alias.
        Parameters:
        pattern - The new pattern
      • getCondition

        public String getCondition()
        Return whether the attribute name to look for when performing conditional logging. If null, every request is logged.
        Returns:
        the attribute name
      • setCondition

        public void setCondition​(String condition)
        Set the ServletRequest.attribute to look for to perform conditional logging. Set to null to log everything.
        Parameters:
        condition - Set to null to log everything
      • getConditionUnless

        public String getConditionUnless()
        Return whether the attribute name to look for when performing conditional logging. If null, every request is logged.
        Returns:
        the attribute name
      • setConditionUnless

        public void setConditionUnless​(String condition)
        Set the ServletRequest.attribute to look for to perform conditional logging. Set to null to log everything.
        Parameters:
        condition - Set to null to log everything
      • getConditionIf

        public String getConditionIf()
        Return whether the attribute name to look for when performing conditional logging. If null, every request is logged.
        Returns:
        the attribute name
      • setConditionIf

        public void setConditionIf​(String condition)
        Set the ServletRequest.attribute to look for to perform conditional logging. Set to null to log everything.
        Parameters:
        condition - Set to null to log everything
      • getLocale

        public String getLocale()
        Return the locale used to format timestamps in log entries and in log file name suffix.
        Returns:
        the locale
      • setLocale

        public void setLocale​(String localeName)
        Set the locale used to format timestamps in log entries and in log file name suffix. Changing the locale is only supported as long as the AccessLogValve has not logged anything. Changing the locale later can lead to inconsistent formatting.
        Parameters:
        localeName - The locale to use.
      • invoke

        public void invoke​(Request request,
                           Response response)
                    throws IOException,
                           ServletException
        Log a message summarizing the specified request and response, according to the format specified by the pattern property.
        Specified by:
        invoke in interface Valve
        Parameters:
        request - Request being processed
        response - Response being processed
        Throws:
        IOException - if an input/output error has occurred
        ServletException - if a servlet error has occurred
      • log

        public void log​(Request request,
                        Response response,
                        long time)
        Description copied from interface: AccessLog
        Add the request/response to the access log using the specified processing time.
        Specified by:
        log in interface AccessLog
        Parameters:
        request - Request (associated with the response) to log
        response - Response (associated with the request) to log
        time - Time taken to process the request/response in milliseconds (use 0 if not known)
      • log

        protected abstract void log​(CharArrayWriter message)
        Log the specified message.
        Parameters:
        message - Message to be logged. This object will be recycled by the calling method.
      • findLocale

        protected static Locale findLocale​(String name,
                                           Locale fallback)
        Find a locale by name.
        Parameters:
        name - The locale name
        fallback - Fallback locale if the name is not found
        Returns:
        the locale object
      • createAccessLogElement

        protected AbstractAccessLogValve.AccessLogElement createAccessLogElement​(String name,
                                                                                 char pattern)
        Create an AccessLogElement implementation which needs an element name.
        Parameters:
        name - Header name
        pattern - char in the log pattern
        Returns:
        the log element
      • createAccessLogElement

        protected AbstractAccessLogValve.AccessLogElement createAccessLogElement​(char pattern)
        Create an AccessLogElement implementation.
        Parameters:
        pattern - char in the log pattern
        Returns:
        the log element